Drip hydroponics system

There are two main categories in which any hydroponics systems are divided: active and passive. Today we will discuss about an active system.

Active hydroponics system

In an active hydroponic system the suspended root system require a water pump to circulate nutrient solution and then drain it back to reservoir. A drip system is a type of active hydroponics. It is one of the most economical solution in terms of water consumption and materials required.

Drip hydroponics is popular among both hobbyists and commercial growers because of its efficiency, scalability, and ability to automate the nutrient delivery process. It helps optimize plant growth and minimize resource waste compared to traditional soil-based cultivation.

A slow watering system works best if plants are placed in separate containers and have individual adjustments. In this way water and nutrients are steadily supplied.

How Does the Drip System Work?

A drip system basically works by providing the nutrient solution directly to roots I-e the solution is present at the base of plants. Each part and its function is explained below:

Reservoir tank

A tank that holds reserve water and hydroponic nutrient solution required for the whole system.


This system uses a pump located at the base of reservoir. It circulates the nutrient solution through network of hoses. The pump is connected to a timer to control and set the irrigation cycle. This automation ensure that the plant receives a fixed amount of nutrient solution. The pump is used multiple times each day for supply.

Drip emitters

Small emitters  or drip lines are placed at the surface of each plant that controls how much drip or stream  the roots needs. They can be laid along the rows of plants.  If the emitters have a power source you can also control the system. The amount of water per drip can be pre set. If the system isn’t controlled it will drown the roots and it will collapse.  

Drip vertical farming

To create a vertical farm all you have to do is to place droppers at the top. The nutrient solution will pass through the top and reach the bottom plants, regardless of the growing medium. The remaining solution will drip back to the reservoir and the cycle will continue.

Just like any other hydroponics system it is a bit tedious to setup in the beginning. However, you can completely automate the system using small innovations and run the system freely from the comfort of your phone. We are working towards creating simple and easy tutorial to help you run your systems automatically. In case of drip lines, if are installed correctly the system will run smoothly. So overall it is more flexible and high result yielding system.

Drip Hydroponics plants

Almost all the plants suit hydroponics but in drip systems its better to cultivate: lettuce, tomatoes, peppers and basil. We would suggest you to steer away form larger plants with extensive root system.

Now lets talk about some of the pros and cons of this system.

Advantages of Drip hydroponics systems

 Simple with reduced labour

The construction equipment for drip system are very affordable and doesn’t require constant adjustments. This system can be very beneficial for large scale cultivation.

Water and nutrient efficiency

This systems is highly precise as the water drips directly to the roots and the excess is not wasted. This helps plants have breathing gap and not drown. This approach ensures that the crops receive right balance of nutrients.


Drips systems can easily be made innovative by using timers on drip emitters and reservoir pump . You can also control all of it from your mobile application using the methods stated in our tutorials. This makes it particularly beneficial for both commercial and private use.

Space conservation

These systems can be designed to fit various space configurations. Be it vertical farming, it adapts to the availability.

Disadvantages of Drip hydroponics System

While drip systems offers numerous advantages, just like any other system it has its shortcomings.

 Clogging of emitters

Drip emitters or tubes can be clogged because of build up of minerals so proper maintenance is required. To prevent clogging you can try the following things.

  •  Monitor PH of nutrient
  • Make sure all the nutrients are fully dissolved
  • Check emitters regularly, tiny sediment can be removed by gentle tapping
  • Clean drain so algea or bacteria doesn’t accumulate

Power dependency

As these systems require power to operate pumps and emitters. So you need of a constant and stable power source is eminent.

Despite the disadvantages many enthusiast growers successfully use drip system by managing these challenges. Each hydroponic system has its unique characteristics and the choice depends on your particular factors.

If you think this article was helpful or you have any kind of question regarding hydroponics comment down below and we will be there to sort it. 🙂

Thriving in Water: The World of Hydroponics

Hydroponic systems have recently gained quite a lot of popularity as an effectivemethod for growing plants in nutrient-rich solutions. Hydroponic is simply the process of growing plants and vegetation without using soil as compared to traditional farming. The roots of hydroponic plants are directly supplied with water and nutrients instead of soil. Other than water solution they also need significant quantity of oxygen to facilitate growth, along with maintaining water’s PH level and temperature.

Hydroponics isn’t a new idea or technology, history of hydroponics go back to 600BC (Babylon times) where its hanging gardens were operated also proofs of hydroponic floating systems existed in early China and Mexico.

What is hydroponics define in simple words?

Hydroponics is a Greek word meaning ‘to labor in water’. As the name suggests it uses water rather than soil for agriculture. Using hydroponics to grow plants basically means submerging its roots in water mixed with mineral nutrients solution instead of growing it in soil.  Hydroponic farming requires less water than traditional farming methods.

What are the 6 requirements for Hydroponics systems?


Water is the chief element of hydroponic farming. PH of water should be balanced between 6-7 level. It can be adjusted using over the counter products.


Sunlight is the best answer for hydroponics farming as it provides full range of visible and non-visible light. Plants require at least 6 hours of sunlight contact every day. Southern exposure and greenhouses are capable of providing this amount of sunlight. If you are growing your hydroponic plants inside, the alternative is grow lights (ranging 4-6 K). Keep in mind that every plant has different light requirements along with placement of light (daily light integral, DLI) and its angle. Many option in artificial lights are available including florescent bulbs, LEDs and metal halide, which is the best choice among gardeners.


Almost all the plants require these key nutrients. When you are growing them without soil these minerals are to be provided via water.

Nitrogen- Turns sunlight into energy, for leaf and stem growth.

Phosphorus- Key component of protein synthesis, for roots and builds tissues.

Potassium- Regulates CO2 intake, maintains water level.

Calcium- Helps in nutrient penetration, key part of cell wall creation.

Magnesium- Asists in photosynthesis, gives them their color.


To determine perfect water temperature we need plant oxygen usage and its metabolism rate. In most cases, temperature between 50-70 degrees works best for winter plants and 60-80 degrees for summer plants. Commercially hydroponic plants flourish in temperatures ranging from 59-86°F.


Artificial supply of oxygen is required for ideal mineral intake. In traditional farming methods plants get oxygen form air pockets in soil while in hydroponics farming depending on your type of system you will have to adjust O2 supply, either in water reservoir or in plants base.

Root system 

In soilless plant system you will require certain support to hold your setup. Inert mediums such as rock wool, fiber, moss are typically used. Avoid using material such as gravel and sand as they don’t retain moisture.

What is hydroponics and its purpose?

Hydroponics is the future of farming. In traditional farming soil is the key component in providing nutrients, system support to its plants. For such systems health of plants depends a lot on quality of soil used, where you have to consider harm from diseases, pests, fertilizers, and natural calamities. However in hydroponic techniques you fully control your plant requirements. This regulation also safeguards from diseases, insecticides and chemicals. You control your plants intake, ensuring that it is pure and direct (free from chemicals). You will need to provide everything yourself. From strong nutrients to appropriate vitamins ensuring speedy and healthy growth.

Complete Hydroponic System Step by Step Guide

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Ut elit tellus, luctus nec ullamcorper mattis, pulvinar dapibus leo.

Add Your Heading Text Here

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Sed posuere nisi at augue rutrum tincidunt sed imperdiet felis. Quisque ex erat, congue a eleifend sed, interdum sit amet ex. Ut sit amet lacus ut erat accumsan pharetra. Sed porttitor augue a ante consequat, porttitor lobortis purus elementum. Vestibulum imperdiet ornare suscipit. Quisque cursus nisi quam, eu scelerisque erat interdum quis. Mauris sed tellus ex.

Add Your Heading Text Here

I am Gul, an Electrical Engineer and working as an Embedded System Designer on fiverr.com for last 6 years. Hmm Engineering and gardening, weird combination, you must be thinking. Well during the last few years, I have designed multiple products for smart gardening system for my clients around the world. I always wanted to start a blog and share my knowledge but I was not sure how and what can I exactly share and give value to my readers.

Shopping Cart